Be sure to read our policy on citing sources before editing!
Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts
|Console(s)||Xbox 360, Xbox One (backwards compatibility, Rare Replay)|
|Release date(s)||NA: November 12, 2008|
EU: November 14, 2008
JA: December 11, 2008
AU: November 20, 2008
|Genre||Vehicle Platformer, Action/Adventure|
|Mode||Single player, Multiplayer|
CERO: A (All Ages)
OFLC: G (General)
|Input||Xbox 360 Controller|
Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts is a Banjo-Kazooie title released on Xbox 360 in 2008. It is a direct follow-up to Banjo-Tooie. The game was announced at Microsoft's X06 in 2006 at Barcelona, Spain and was released on November 11, 2008.
Eight years after the events of Banjo-Tooie, Banjo and Kazooie became lazy and fat due to the lack of adventures. Gruntilda's disembodied skull then reappears after finally reaching Banjo's house to settle their rivalry. Right before their fight starts, an entity known as the Lord of Games pauses the game and unpauses it to offer a way to decide who shall be the owner of Spiral Mountain and starts a game where many "pointless collectibles" appear throughout Spiral Mountain and the three must race to see who collects them all. Right after this starts, however, he states that this is "painful to watch" and instead takes them to a brand new Game World "considerably more impressive" than what they've seen before, but not after putting the duo in shape, giving the witch a new body and gifting both the duo and Grunty vehicles. Once they arrive in Showdown Town, L.O.G. explains how the game will work: Banjo and Kazooie need to enter the Game Worlds through the Act Doors scattered throughout town to obtain Jiggies to open more Acts until they can enter Spiral Mountain again, where the final battle shall take place. To collect what they need, however, they need to use vehicles they can build themselves in Mumbo's Motors with the parts they obtain along the way or buy pre-made blueprints from Humba Wumba. Gruntilda also obtains a new sidekick, Piddles, and builds herself new minions, the Gruntbots.
Once in Spiral Mountain, Banjo and Kazooie win against Gruntilda once again, forcing her to work forever in L.O.G.'s Video Game Factory and becoming the legal owners of Spiral Mountain. The witch, however, states that she will secretly make a "devious game" while there.
The gameplay of Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts largely differs from the previous games. As Banjo and Kazooie have forgotten their moves and the bird's wings have been "clipped," they need to use vehicles in order to complete challenges and win their prizes. Outside a vehicle, they can use the newly-acquired Mumbo's Wrench to lift objects up or attack enemies. They can also climb things and swim.
Inside a vehicle, Banjo has many more possibilities. He can build them inside Mumbo Jumbo's garage in the Town Square of Showdown Town with parts acquired from Mumbo Crates such as engines, wings, propellers, wheels, fuel, ammo and weapons among other things, making for a wide variety of possible creations to complete objectives in multiple different ways.
Collectibles from previous games also return, although now having different functions. Throughout the Game Worlds, Musical Notes can be found and collected to be used as currency in Showdown Town. They can be spent to buy Humba Wumba's blueprints, work out in Boggy's Gym, bribe Pikelet or buy Jolly Dodger's black market Jiggies, among other things. Jiggies are used to open Act Doors and obtain even more Jiggies in order to reach Spiral Mountain and face Gruntilda. T.T. Trophies, the highest rewards in regular challenges, are used to obtain even more Jiggies at Trophy Thomas' Jig-O-Vend. Jinjo Tokens are used to obtain Musical Notes and vehicle parts in King Jingaling's Bingo Palace.
|Spin the wrench, use Wrench-it Bolts|
|, ,||Use assigned parts|
|Hover (in vehicles with propellers on top)|
|Flip upright, reattach nearby pieces|
Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts features a multiplayer mode where players can compete in various games using both custom and pre-made vehicles.
List of multiplayer race tracks
- Air Straights
- Drag Kings
- Egg 'n' Spoon Race
- Nutty Airways
- Nutty Cruises
- Pool Prix
- Short Circuit
- Small Spiral Circuit
- Super Spiral Circuit
Added with L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges
Banjo and Kazooie
|Banjo is a bear who lives in Spiral Mountain and the game's protagonist alongside Kazooie. In Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts, he needs to win against Gruntilda once again to stop her from transforming his home into a grotty, ugly suburb. He an Kazooie have forgotten their moves, so they have to use vehicles in order to defeat the witch. Kazooie is a red-crested Breegull and Banjo's best friend who stays inside his backpack for the whole adventure and, as she forgot her old moves too, now uses a magical wrench to hit enemies and levitate things.|
Lord of Games
|An omnipotent deity and the creator of every video game. He starts the contest between Banjo, Kazooie and Gruntilda to decide the owner of Spiral Mountain, and oversees the three throughout the game to make the competition fair. He gives Kazooie her new wrench and Gruntilda her new sidekick, Piddles. When Gruntilda loses, he forces her to work in his video game factory forever.|
|Gruntilda's new sidekick created by L.O.G. to make the contest fair for both Banjo and her. During the game, she aids the witch in various forms like using her vehicle's weapons or challenging others to races.|
|Jamjars||A former drill sergeant who is now the DJ of Spiral Mountain F.M. He speaks through a radio machine in the introduction sequence of the game, telling Banjo and Kazooie that it has been 10 years since they were both invented and says that they're "all fat and washed up" now.|
|The supporting cast are rhinos, pigs and penguins who walk around Showdown Town, the Jiggosseum and some other Game Worlds. They can be interacted with and talk about random things.|
|Previously a shaman who helped Banjo and Kazooie with magic, Mumbo has been forced by L.O.G. to become a mechanic and he now runs Mumbo's Motors. He appears in Showdown Town, Nutty Acres, LOGBOX 720, Banjoland and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
|Mumbo Jumbo's biggest rival and now business competitor who runs a blueprint shop in the opposite side of the town square. She appears in Showdown Town, Nutty Acres, LOGBOX 720, Terrarium of Terror and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
|The mole who taught Banjo and Kazooie their moves in Banjo-Kazooie and was killed by Gruntilda in Banjo-Tooie but was later revived. He now runs the Tourist Information Kiosk, and can give Banjo useful information in exchange of Musical Notes. He appears in Showdown Town, Nutty Acres, LOGBOX 720, Banjoland, the Jiggoseum and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
|An overly competitive cheetah with a love for racing. He appears in Showdown Town, Nutty Acres and the Jiggosseum|
|A lazy polar bear who was kicked out of home by Mrs. Boggy and now runs a gym. He appears in Showdown Town, Banjoland, the Jiggoseum and the Terrarium of Terror.|
|The chief of the Showdown Town Police who is found in front of the Police Station. Banjo and Kazooie can bribe him with Musical Notes if they are being chased. He also appears in Showdown Town, LOGBOX 720, the Jiggoseum, the Terrarium of Terror and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
Showdown Town Police
|"Pikelet's crack team of incompetent weasels" who roam the streets of Showdown Town. If Banjo and Kazooie break a law in front of an officer, they will all chase the duo until they've hidden for long enough or bribed the chief.|
|Gruntilda's former minion who is now "one of the good guys" and a game developer. He runs an arcade where Banjo can play Hero Klungo Sssavesss Teh World, a game he developed himself. He appears in Showdown Town, Nutty Acres, LOGBOX 720, Banjoland, Terrarium of Terror and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
|The "big cheese of the Jinjos" who runs a Bingo Palace in Showdown Town. Banjo can play Jinjo Bingo there to earn Musical Notes and vehicle parts.|
|An energetic aardvark who loves to stay fit. He appears in Showdown Town, Nutty Acres, Banjoland, the Jiggoseum and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
|A shady salesman who was previously the mayor of his lagoon but now sells the "finest black market Jiggies." He appears in Showdown Town, LOGBOX 720, the Terrarium of Terror and L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges.|
|A hippo captain who crashed his Saucer of Peril and went "Doubloonless." He appears in Showdown Town, Banjoland, the Jiggoseum and the Terrarium of Terror.|
|Gruntilda's magic cauldron who was constantly mistreated in Banjo-Kazooie, but is now her seat in the vehicles she uses.|
|Small, colorful creatures who appear in every Game World except for Spiral Mountain. In Showdown Town, six Jinjos of different colors have been unfairly locked up, and Banjo needs to free and re-house them. In every other Game World, they have various tasks Banjo needs to complete in order to get Jinjo Tokens.|
|Criminals who resemble Jinjos and hide Showdown Town. Everytime a Jinjo is freed, Banjo needs to also find a Minjo to replace the former prisoner. While they might be hard to find due to their size, Minjos can be identified by their loud cackles.|
|Previously the boss of Witchyworld in Banjo-Tooie, Mr. Patch has been reinflated by Gruntilda to cause trouble in Nutty Acres. He later reappears in Banjoland, covered in metal.|
|Glowbos||Magic critters who were previously used by Mumbo and Humba in Banjo-Tooie. A few appear inside Banjo's garbage in Spiral Mountain, and one is a Jinjo Fetch item in Nutty Acres.|
|Gruntilda's former garbage grinder who is now an exhibit in Banjoland.|
George Ice Cube
|A Chinker who was previously killed by Banjo and Kazooie in Banjo-Tooie but is now an exhibit in Banjoland alongside his wife, Mildred Ice Cube.|
Mildred Ice Cube
|Another Chinker who was also killed by the duo in Banjo-Tooie but is now an exhibit in Banjoland alongside her husband, George Ice Cube.|
|Previously a boss in Banjo-Tooie who was transformed by Mumbo Jumbo into a flamethrower for Banjo and Kazooie to use in their vehicles.|
|Carrots who previously roamed Spiral Mountain. In this game, only one appears and is a Jinjo Fetch item in the Jiggosseum.|
|Colliwobbles||Cauliflowers who previously roamed Spiral Mountain but are now much blockier and harmless.|
|Onions who roam Spiral Mountain. Unlike previously, they are now much more mechanical and harmless.|
|Gruntilda's new robotic minions built once she arrived at Showdown Town in an attempt to stop Banjo's progress. They come in various shapes, sizes and types.|
|Showdown Town is a large city where the Act Doors are located. It contains many stores and characters to interact with in its various districts, but only the Trolley can be used to drive around.|
|Nutty Acres is a large coconut farm located in an artifical island and owned by Mumbo Jumbo. Him and his employees are often in need of help, and reward Banjo if he aids them.|
|LOGBOX 720 is a giant video game console where the manager Pikelet and his workers work at. It is filled with various chips that when hit glitch the game (like making the screen static when hitting the graphics chip) and has various bugs wandering around.|
|Banjoland is a large museum with many exhibits referencing previous games. The curator Bottles and other workers are often in need of help, as the location needs constant maintenance.|
|The Jiggosseum is a large stadium where many sports are practiced. The various characters in this Game World challenge Banjo in a variety of ways using the empty area for different games.|
|The Terrarium of Terror is a space station where many overgrown plants are kept. Klungo has a farm of floaty berries here that he uses to make his Floaty Fruit Juice.|
|Spiral Mountain is where the game started, and also where it ends. Gruntilda is faced here in the final battle to decide the owner of the Game World.|
|L.O.G.'s Lost Challenges is a DLC Game World that takes place on the Test-o-Track. It reuses various assets from the base game, such as character costumes, to make new challenges which must be completed twice (once with a pre-made vehicle and once with a custom one) in order to unlock Hero Klungo Sssavesss Teh Universsse.|
References to other games
- Donkey Kong franchise: During Gruntilda's challenge in LOGBOX 720, Banjo also says he remembers a "similar situation with a genie and a giant pig," referencing his appearance in Diddy Kong Racing. Diddy Kong Racing is later directly mentioned during L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain, appearing as the right answer for when he asks which game featured Banjo despite not being a Banjo-Kazooie game.
- Mario franchise: During the introduction sequence, L.O.G. states Banjo and Kazooie have not been featured in as many games as a certain Italian gentleman, referencing Mario. The achievement "Super Banjo Galaxy," unlocked by putting the Terrarium of Terror's Game Globe in its plinth, also references Super Mario Galaxy.
- Jetpac: Various destroyed rockets, referred to as "1980s space junk" can be found throughout the Terrarium of Terror. They have "U 1" in them, referencing the rockets from Jetpac.
- Alien 8: Various deactivated robots with the number 8 in them, referred to as "1980s space junk," can be found throughout the Terrarium of Terror, referencing the protagonist of Alien 8.
- Captain Skyhawk: "Captain Skyhawk" appears as a wrong answer for a question in L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain where he asks which videogame is featured on the largest disc in LOGBOX 720, with the right answer being "Banjo-Kazooie."
- Time Lord: "Time Lord" appears as a wrong answer for a question during L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain, when he asks which game featured Banjo despite not being a Banjo-Kazooie game.
- Battletoads series: A game called "Battletoads 2010" appears inside L.O.G.'s Video Game Factory during the ending.
- Killer Instinct series: Fulgore's Fist appears as a vehicle part. Killer Instinct 3 is also mentioned several times in the game. Bottles says that he heard rumors he might be featured in it, and is considering buying a bandana for the occasion. Several copies of the game are also inside Jolly Dodger's briefcase in Showdown Town. "Killer Instinct" also appears as a wrong answer for a question during L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain, when he asks which game featured Banjo despite not being a Banjo-Kazooie game. A game called "Cake Filler Instinct" also appears inside L.O.G.'s Video Game Factory during the ending.
- Banjo-Kazooie: In Spiral Mountain, the garbage besides Banjo's house contains some objects from Banjo-Kazooie like the Ice Key. Several Banjo-Kazooie characters also appear to run shops in Showdown Town. In LOGBOX 720, a large Banjo-Kazooie disc can be found, being the largest disc in the Game World. Banjoland has several references to Banjo-Kazooie, with several Information Points directly mentioning the game and its events and many exhibits of characters, objects and locations from it. In this Game World's second Act, during a Jinjo Hurling challenge, the Jinjo also mentions he was reading old stories of the Mighty Jinjonator. In the Jiggosseum's scoreboard, many Banjo-Kazooie characters are mentioned, said to have participated in various matches against each other. A flying billboard outside the Terrarium of Terror advertising "Snacker's Loans" can be seen. A Jinjo in this Game World also has a Jinjo Fetch challenge where he wants Banjo to get him his lost Ice Key. A vehicle part, the Freezeezy, is also named after Freezeezy Peak. Almost every Game World's theme also has segments from Banjo-Kazooie songs.
- Perfect Dark series: Joanna Dark is pictured in some pamphlets throughout Showdown Town.
- Banjo-Tooie: In Spiral Mountain, the garbage besides Banjo's house contains some objects from Banjo-Tooie like Glowbos and Tickets. Bottles' Grave, referencing the fact he died in Banjo-Tooie, is also seen in front of the house. Several Banjo-Tooie characters also appear to run shops in Showdown Town. In the third Act of Nutty Acres, a Jinjo in a Jinjo Fetch challenge asks Banjo to retrieve his lost Glowbo. Banjoland has several references to Banjo-Tooie, with several Information Points directly mentioning the game and its events and many exhibits of characters, objects and locations from it. In the Jiggosseum's scoreboard, many Banjo-Tooie characters are mentioned, said to have participated in various matches against each other. A flying billboard outside the Terrarium of Terror advertising Witchyworld can be seen. A Jinjo in a Jinjo Fetch challenge also asks for his Witchyworld ticket to be retrieved. Multiple Game Worlds have themes with segments from Banjo-Tooie songs.
- Conker's Bad Fur Day: The music that plays from the radio in the introduction sequence before Jamjars starts talking is Windy's theme. Conker himself is also pictured in the newspapers of Showdown Town, wearing a solider outfit.
- Halo franchise: While in front of his factory in Showdown Town, when L.O.G. says he regrets making the first first-person shooter, he states that he expects "even a space marine in this game somewhere," possibly referencing the Halo franchise. In his arcade, Klungo also says that he is a "bigger ssstar than Massster Chief."
- Grabbed by the Ghoulies: In the introduction sequence, when L.O.G. claims to have created every video game, Kazooie asks if he made "even the ones that don't sell well like Ghoulies," with a small segment of the Grabbed by the Ghoulies theme playing when she says that. Some boxes of the game, Bonus Books and Mr. Ribs' skull are also seen in the garbage in front of Banjo's house, the latter two later being used as Jinjo Fetch items in the Terrarium of Terror and Banjoland, respectively. Ghoulhaven Hall can be seen in the background of Showdown Town. While in front of his factory, L.O.G. states he is very good at disguising himself, then proceeds to say "pet my piglet," one of Fiddlesworth's many "fiddlerisms" he says throughout the game. Various shops in Showdown Town are also run by characters from the game. In LOGBOX 720, a disc of the game is seen among many others. In Banjoland, inside the Rubbish Bin, multiple copies of Grabbed by the Ghoulies can be found and even grabbed with the wrench. Some characters from the game are also mentioned in the Jiggosseum's scoreboard. "Grabbed by the Ghoulies" appears as a wrong answer for a question in L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain where he asks what's the game that had a Banjo appearance despite not being a Banjo-Kazooie game, but as the right one in a question that asks "in which game could the dumbster outside Banjo's house in Spiral Mountain be previously seen." A game called "Grabbed by the Ghoulies II" also appears inside L.O.G.'s Video Game Factory during the ending.
- It's Mr. Pants: A disc of It's Mr. Pants can be found in LOGBOX 720. A small model of Mr. Pants, called the "Spirit of Pants," also appears as a vehicle part.
- Brain Age: "Dr. Klungo's Brain Draining," a parody of "Dr Kawashima's Brain Training," appears as a wrong answer for a question in L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain where he asks which videogame is featured on the largest disc in LOGBOX 720, with the right answer being "Banjo-Kazooie."
- Kameo: Elements of Power: Kameo is pictured in some pamphlets throughout Showdown Town. The Wotnot book appears as an item that needs to be retrieved during a Jinjo Fetch challenge in LOGBOX 720. "Kameo: Elements of Power" also appears as a wrong answer for a question during L.O.G.'s quiz in Spiral Mountain, when he asks "in which game could the dumbster outside Banjo's house in Spiral Mountain be previously seen."
- Viva Piñata series: During the introduction sequence, L.O.G. transforms Banjo into a Lickatoad. The Papery Pal vehicle part is also a Lickatoad, and Mumbo states that "Trouble in Paradise is good game" and that he recommends "player buy it tomorrow" in the accessory's description. In the description of the Spike, Mumbo says that the weapon turns whichever vehicle it is attached to into a Fudgehog, and in the description of the Super Fuel, he mentions that the tank contains enough fuel to "drive whole way to Pinata[sic] Island." Viva Piñata and Viva Piñata: Trouble in Paradise discs are also found at LOGBOX 720. During a Jinjo Fetch challenge in Banjoland, a Jinjo also asks for Banjo to find his lost Fergie in the Click Clock Wood Tree. One of the matches listed in the Jiggosseum scoreboard is of Franklin' Fizzlybear against Professor Pester. One of the Jinjo Fetch challenges in the same Game World has a Jinjo ask for Banjo to retrieve a joy candy he lost. A game called "Viva Piñata Kart" also appears inside L.O.G.'s Video Game Factory during the ending.
References in other games
- Killer Instinct: L.O.G.'s head appears as a backpack in Rash's "Rarewear" costume.
- Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing with Banjo-Kazooie: Banjo and Kazooie use their designs from Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts. Their vehicle, the Bolt Bucket, was also seemingly built using various parts avaliable in Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts, such as Small Fuel tanks and Monster Wheels. Mumbo's Wrench also returns, and is used to perform the Jiggy Rain.
- Super Smash Bros. Ultimate: Banjo & Kazooie's up taunt, in which Banjo stretches his arms and Kazooie pops out of the backpack, is based on the duo's idle animation from Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts. The design of Banjo's House in the Spiral Mountain stage appears to be designed after its appearance in Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts, albeit more renovated. Mumbo Jumbo's animation in the Spiral Mountain stage, in which he juggles his eyeballs, also originates from Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts.
Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts was, upon release, harshly criticized for straying away too much from the formula used by it's predecessors, Banjo-Kazooie and Banjo-Tooie, but was praised for it's vehicle building system and inovative gameplay. The game's reception was, as stated by Rare Ltd., "expected," having sold over 140,000 in the United States of America by the end of 2008 and surpassing 100,000 units sold in the United Kingdom.
|Xbox 360||Erik Brudvig,
|8.3/10||Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts is a game that never stopped being fun for me. It's an odd duck that doesn't fit into any conventional game genres and probably isn't right for everybody. Despite its friendly appearance, Nuts & Bolts isn't exactly easy to pick up and play and might be over the head of some small children. There's a lot of depth here and the vehicle creation tools allow you to flex your mind and your fingers at the same time. This is a great change of pace from the usual Xbox 360 fare and a game that will offer a lot of fun to those willing to invest some time in it.|
|Xbox 360||Tom Mc Shea,
|8.5/10||Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts is a fantastically fun update to an aging formula. The easy vehicle-creation tool makes even the craziest ideas possible, and the missions let you exert your creative muscle in spectacular fashion. Aside from a few control quirks and frame-rate issues, N&B is a joy from beginning to end, providing a constant string of new parts and objectives to keep you entertained for a long time. If this is the direction that the Banjo franchise is going in, let's hope it's not another eight years between games.|
|Xbox 360||Brad Shoemaker,
|5/5||Funny, inventive, gorgeous--and cheap. Microsoft decided to charge a mere $40 for Nuts & Bolts, but I got more laughs and more satisfying gameplay out of this one than most of the $60 games I've played this year. And even after spending nearly 20 hours amassing enough jiggies to take down the final boss, I'm compelled to get back in there and keep playing new missions, unlocking new vehicle parts, and exploring more of the game's beautiful world. I had no affection whatsoever for the Banjo-Kazooie franchise or characters going into Nuts & Bolts, but its list of great qualities quietly won me over to make it one of my favorite Xbox 360 games of the year.|
- For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts.
Names in other languages
|French||Banjo-Kazooie: Écrous et Boulons||Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts|
|German||Banjo-Kazooie: Schraube Locker||Banjo-Kazooie: Screw Loose|
|Italian||Banjo-Kazooie: Viti & Bulloni||Banjo-Kazooie: Screws & Bolts|
|Japanese||バンジョーとカズーイの大冒険 ガレージ大作戦||Banjo and Kazooie's Adventure: Garage Operation|
|Spanish||Banjo-Kazooie: Baches y Cachivaches||Banjo-Kazooie: Potholes and Junk|
- To promote the release of the game, the Lunchables included small models of its vehicles in boxes.
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts is the only Banjo-Kazooie game to be translated to Polish.
- In the third episode of Shameless' eighth season, "God Bless Her Rotting Soul," a character can be seen playing Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts in the LOGBOX 720 Game World. The gameplay is taken from a video by the YouTube channel XCageGame, as seen by the watermark.
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts instruction booklet
- Super Smash Bros. Ultimate – Mr. Sakurai Presents "Banjo & Kazooie" - YouTube
- Destructoid interview: Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts – Destructoid
- ELSPA: About ELSPA: Sales Awards: Silver on Wayback Machine
- Banjo-Kazooie - Official Site (English) on Wayback Machine
- Xbox.com | Banjo-Kazooie™: Nuts & Bolts - Game Detail Page on Wayback Machine
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts Teaser Trailer
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts Gameplay Trailer 1
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts Gameplay Trailer 2
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts Xbox 360 UK News
- Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts & Bolts Shaun Read and Andy Wilson Interview